Energy Star Building Requirement

15 Building Types Require Benchmarking

Banks/Financial Institutions

Worship Facility refers to buildings that are used as places of worship. This includes churches, temples, mosques, synagogues, meetinghouses, or any other buildings that primarily function as a place of religious worship. The ENERGY STAR score for Worship Facilities applies to buildings that function as the primary place of worship and not to other buildings that may be associated with a religious organization, such as living quarters, schools, or buildings used primarily for other community activities. To receive an ENERGY STAR score, a Worship facility must have at least 25 seats, but cannot have more than 4,000.

K-12 Schools

K-12 School refers to buildings or campuses used as a school for Kindergarten through 12th grade students. This does not include college or university classroom facilities/laboratories, or vocational, technical, trade, adult, or continuing education schools.

Supermarket/Grocery Store

Supermarket/Grocery Store refers to buildings used for the retail sale of primarily food and beverage products, and which may include small amounts of preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food. Buildings where the primary business is the on-site preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food should use one of the Restaurant property types.

Office Buildings

Office refers to buildings used for the conduct of commercial or governmental business activities. This includes administrative and professional offices.

Hotels

Hotel refers to buildings renting overnight accommodations on a room/suite and nightly basis, and typically include a bath/shower and other facilities in guest rooms. Hotel properties typically have daily services available to guests including housekeeping/laundry and a front desk/concierge. Hotel does not apply to properties where more than 50% of the floor area is occupied by fractional ownership units such as condominiums or vacation timeshares, or to private residences that are rented out on a daily or weekly basis. Hotel properties should be majority-owned by a single entity and have rooms available on a nightly basis. Condominiums or Time Shares should select the Multifamily Housing property use.

Court Houses

Courthouse refers to buildings used for federal, state, or local courts, and associated administrative office space.

Dormitories/Residence Halls

Residence Hall/Dormitory refers to buildings associated with educational institutions or military facilities which offer multiple accommodations for long-term residents.

Hospitals

Hospital refers to a general medical and surgical hospital (including critical access hospitals and children’s hospitals). These facilities provide acute care services intended to treat patients for short periods of time, including emergency medical care, physician’s office services, diagnostic care, ambulatory care, surgical care, and limited specialty services such as rehabilitation and cancer care. The definition of Hospital accounts for all space types owned by the hospital that are located within the Hospital building/campus, including non-clinical spaces such as administrative offices, food service, retail, hotels, and power plant.

Photo of a hospital.

Wastewater Treatment Plant

Wastewater Treatment Plant refers to facilities designed to treat municipal wastewater. The level of treatment at a plant will vary based on the BOD limits and the specific processes involved. This property use is intended for primary, secondary, and advanced treatment facilities with or without nutrient removal. Treatment processes may include biological, chemical, and physical treatment. This property use does not apply to drinking water treatment and distribution facilities.

Data Centers

Data Center refers to buildings specifically designed and equipped to meet the needs of high-density computing equipment, such as server racks, used for data storage and processing. Typically, these facilities require dedicated uninterruptible power supplies and cooling systems. Data center functions may include traditional enterprise services, on-demand enterprise services, high performance computing, internet facilities, and/or hosting facilities. Often Data Centers are free standing, mission critical computing centers. When a data center is located within a larger building, it will usually have its own power and cooling systems, and require a constant power load of 75 kW or more. Data Center is intended for sophisticated computing and server functions; it should not be used to represent a server closet or computer training area.

Retail Stores and Wholesale Clubs/Supercenters

Retail Store refers to individual stores used to conduct the retail sale of non-food consumer goods such as clothing, books, toys, sporting goods, office supplies, hardware, and electronics. Buildings containing multiple stores should be classified as enclosed mall, lifestyle center, or strip mall. To receive an ENERGY STAR score, a Retail Store must be a single store that is at least 5,000 square feet and has an exterior entrance to the public. The ENERGY STAR score applies to: Department Stores, Discount Stores, Supercenters, Warehouse Clubs, Drug Stores, Dollar Stores, Home Center/Hardware Stores, and Apparel/Specialty Stores (e.g. books, clothing, office products, toys, home goods, and electronics). Eligible store configurations include: free standing stores; stores located in open air or strip centers (a collection of attached stores with common areas that are not enclosed); and mall anchors.
Retail configurations not eligible to receive an ENERGY STAR score include: enclosed malls; individual stores located within enclosed malls; lifestyle centers; strip malls; and individual stores that are part of a larger non-mall building (i.e. office or hotel). Convenience Stores, Automobile Dealerships, and Restaurants are not eligible to earn an ENERGY STAR score as Retail. Supermarkets are eligible for an ENERGY STAR score under the Supermarket property type. Note: In order to be eligible to earn ENERGY STAR certification, your building must be located in the US or its territories, or owned by the US government outside of the US.

Senior Care Facilities

Senior Care Community refers to buildings that house and provide care and assistance for elderly residents. The ENERGY STAR score for Senior Care community applies to nursing homes (skilled nursing facilities) and assisted living facilities. Independent senior living communities are not eligible. However, it is common for some Senior Care Communities to offer a mix of residential options including independent living, assisted living, and skilled nursing. More than 50% of the units in a community must be considered skilled nursing and/or assisted living in order to be eligible for an ENERGY STAR score as a Senior Care Facility. One exception to this rule is for communities in which 50% or more of the units are independent living (IL) but the IL buildings are separately metered stand-alone buildings, a valid rating can be generated only by fully excluding the IL buildings from the rest of the campus. Facilities with more than 50% independent living units cannot earn an ENERGY STAR score and should benchmark using the Multifamily property type.

Medical Services Buildings

Medical Office refers to buildings used to provide diagnosis and treatment for medical, dental, or psychiatric outpatient care.

Worship Facility

Worship Facility refers to buildings that are used as places of worship. This includes churches, temples, mosques, synagogues, meetinghouses, or any other buildings that primarily function as a place of religious worship. The ENERGY STAR score for Worship Facilities applies to buildings that function as the primary place of worship and not to other buildings that may be associated with a religious organization, such as living quarters, schools, or buildings used primarily for other community activities. To receive an ENERGY STAR score, a Worship facility must have at least 25 seats, but cannot have more than 4,000.

Warehouse (Refrigerated or Unrefrigerated)

Non-Refrigerated Warehouse refers to unrefrigerated buildings that are used to store goods, manufactured products, merchandise or raw materials. Buildings that are used primarily for assembling, modifying, manufacturing, or growing goods, products, merchandise or raw material should be classified as Manufacturing Facility.

Refrigerated Warehouse refers to refrigerated buildings that are used to store or redistribute perishable goods or merchandise under refrigeration at temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius). Buildings that are used primarily for assembling, modifying, manufacturing, or growing goods, products, merchandise or raw material should be classified as Manufacturing Facility.